Firozabad is situated in the west of Uttar
Pradesh. This industrial town of Uttar Pradesh, very popularly called the ‘Glass City of India’ is a renowned
name in the business. Firozabad was initially known as Chandwarnagar. The town however derived its name after it was given
as an estate to Firoz Shah who happened to be a general in Akbar’s court.
During this period, many glass articles were brought to this region. A few when
rejected were melted and moulded in local furnaces. And that marked the beginning
of glass industry in Firozabad. The industry here received patronage during the
Mughal era and the town developed into a glass-making centre, manufacturing
lamps, chandeliers, trinkets for the royal courts. Since then it remains to be
the fabric of the lifestyle of people in and around here. So much that,
Firozabad is known as the mecca of ‘all things glass’ and it flaunts its
craftsmanship from fancy bangles and wine glasses to pretty flower vases, all
size candle stands, princely chandeliers and cut glass table lamps. Bangle
crafting and glass works have been its economic lifeline for the last 700
Presence of glass is documented in India since
2000 B.C by archaeological excavations. Literary evidence of Glass Kanch or
Kaca (Sanskrit) can be found in the ancient texts going back to 1200 B.C.
Ancient Indian glass-makers had adequate expertise in the fabrication of beads,
bangles and a few other types. Since the 15th
century, Firozabad has been the home of glass industry, white and colored Glass
pieces were being manufactured for the purpose of assembling, jhad and fanus
(chandeliers) which were in demand by royal courts and palaces.
The process involves following raw material & tools Soda lime and Borosilicate glass pipes –
solid or hollow, Various dyes and
tools for shaping, cutting,
designing, measurement tools like
Vernier caliper,Annealing tools and equipments, torch and a small setup of a
working Table&LPG gas cylinder.
Borosilicate glass is a type of
glass with silica and boron trioxide as the main glass-forming
constituents. It is known
for having very low coefficients of thermal expansion, making them resistant to
thermal shock, more so than any other common glass. Borosilicate glass has a
wide variety of uses ranging from cookware to lab equipment, as well as artists
create a range of products such as jewelry, kitchenware, sculpture, as well as
for artistic glass smoking pipes. Borosilicate glass is available in the market
in the form of rods , tubes and sometimes as chunks of glass.
Flame work a glass-flamer uses a torch
or bench burner to heat glass. Flame
work involves much smaller volume of heat and a smaller quantity of glass. Glass-flamers
can selectively heat different parts of a piece& they are capable of doing
far more intricate and detailed work.
Working with borosilicate glass, glass-flamers
are able to make various complex designs, and much larger pieces than was ever
possible with lead or soda lime glass. A skilled glass-flamer can work a single
piece of borosilicate glass all day with little risk of shattering as long as
he keeps it hot. Pieces are constructed of two or three or more pre-made parts
and then assembled cold before annealing are also possible. Another tremendous
advantage of using borosilicate glass is the facilitation of repairs made to
damaged pieces. Flamework helps to make both solid
and hollow forms. They are lighter in weight and one can make larger forms and
shapes & also it gives many possibilities for form explorations.
from the intricate details of world around us; Aadikara is an attempt to translate the nuances of nature and life,
into one of a kind glass jewelry. Made in collaboration with the artisans
of Firozabad, Aadikara uses the age
old Flame Work technique to delicately mould glass, into flamboyant works of
design. These designs, added with metal finishes from artisans of Singur, West
Bengal and Ahmadabad, Gujarat give each jewelry, a distinct character and
jewelry is hand crafted with love and acute attention to detailing which makes
it unique, leaving no two designs, alike.
is a range of jewelry, which through design and artistry, celebrates the
transparency, beauty, delicacy and fragility of the otherwise omnipresent yet
hardly noticeable material of glass.